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简单探析基于RFID技术的门禁系统
来源: 电子发烧友    发布时间: 2019-03-15 11:06   681 次浏览   大小:  16px  14px  12px
简单探析基于RFID技术的门禁系统

  ZIDONGHUA、XINXIHUA、ZHINENGHUAYIJINGCHENGWEISHIDAIFAZHANDEXUQIU,JINRU21SHIJIYILAI,WUXIANJISHU、JISUANJIJISHUJIXUBUDUANSHENRUFAZHAN,WULIANWANGXINGYEZHENGZHENGRISHANG。JIYURFIDJISHUDEMENJINKONGZHIXITONGZHENGSHIWULIANWANGSHIYONGXINGDEYIGELIANGHAOTIXIAN。MENJINXITONGANJINCHUSHIBIEFANGSHIKEFENWEIYIXIA3DALEI:MIMASHIBIE;KAPIANSHIBIE;SHENGWUSHIBIE。MIMASHIBIEJITONGGUOJIANYANSHURUMIMASHIFOUZHENGQUELAISHIBIEJINCHUQUANXIAN,MIMASHIBIEANQUANXINGYAOXIANGDUIGAOYIXIE,DANSHIMIMARONGYIWANGJI,ERQIEMEICIJINMENDOUXUSHURUMIMA,ZHEIYANGXIANDEFANSUO。SHENGWUSHIBIEJITONGGUORENDEYIXIESHENGWUTEZHENGLAISHIBIE,SHENGWUSHIBIEANQUANXINGGAOERQIEFEICHANGFANGBIAN,DANSHIQIGAOANGDECHENGBENFEISHIQINANYIDEDAOTUIGUANG。KAPIANSHIBIEFENWEI2LEI:DIYIZHONGSHIYONGCIKA,DANSHICIKAANQUANXINGDI、YIMOSUNERQIEXUYAOJINGCHANGXINGCHONGCI;DIERZHONGSHIRFIDKAPIAN,RFIDKABIANYI、SHIYONGFANGBIAN、ANQUANXINGGAOERQIENENGGOUYONGSHUJUKUDUIQIJINXINGHENHAODEGUANLI,QIXINGJIABIJIGAO,JUYOUHENHAODETUIGUANGQIANJING。

彩客网  ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,BENWENJIESHAOYIZHONGJIYURFIDJISHUDEMENJINXITONG,CIXITONGCHENGBENDILIAN,ANQUANXINGGAO。NENGGOUSHISHICHAKANYOUGUANMENJINXITONGDEXINXI。

  1 总体构架与工作原理

彩客网  XITONGZONGTIGOUJIAYOUSHANGWEIJIFUWUQIGUANLIXITONGHEXIAWEIJIDUKAQILIANGBUFENZUCHENG,XIAWEIJIDUKAQIZHUYAOYOUDIANYUAN、ZHUKONGZHIQI、YEJINGXIANSHI、DUXIEKAMOKUAI、TIANXIAN、CHUANKOUTONGXIN6BUFENZUCHENG。QIZHONGDUXIEKAMOKUAIM102GPCV3CAIYONG13.56MHzFEIJIECHUSHEPINJISHU,NENGGOUDUQUMifareOneS50,S70,FM11RF08JIQIJIANRONGKAPIAN。YEJINGXIANSHIYIXIETISHIXINXIHESHIJIANRIQI。CHUANKOUYONGYUXIAWEIJIYUSHANGWEIJIFUWUQITONGXIN。SHANGWEIJIFUWUQIGUANLIXITONGCAIYONGSHUJUKUMySQLSHUJUKUGUANLI,JUTIGUANLIJIEMIANYONGWANGYEXINGSHIZHANSHI。

  ZHENGGEMENJINXITONGGONGZUOYUANLISHI:YIRENYIKA,GENJUKADEXULIEHAOZAISHUJUKUGUANLIXITONGZHONGJIANLIXIANGYINGGERENXINXI。DANGYAOKAIMENSHI,YONGKAPIANZAIXIAWEIJISHANGSHUAYIXIA,XIAWEIJIDUKAQIJIANGXULIEHAOCHUANJISHANGWEIJIFUWUQI,FUWUQIGENJUXULIEHAOCHAXUNSHUJUKUZHONGDUIYINGDEGERENXINXIBINGCHUANJIXIAWEIJI。TONGSHIXIAWEIJIDUQUKAPIANGUDINGSHANQUKUAIDESHUJU(DUKA),JIANGDUDAODESHUJUYUSHANGWEIJIFASONGDESHUJUJINXINGYIYIDUIBI,WANQUANYIYANGCAIKAIMEN,FOUZEZAIYEJINGSHANGXIANSHICUOWUQIEBUKAIMEN。SHANGSHUXINXIJIANGQUANBUSHANGCHUANZHISHANGWEIJIGUANLIXITONGBAOCUN。SHANGWEIJIGUANLIXITONGNENGGOUGAIBIANXIAWEIJISHEDINGHAODESHUJUXINXI(XIEKA)。

  2 系统硬件设计

  2.1YINGJIANZONGTISHEJI

  MENJINXITONGZHUKONGZHIQISHICodex-M3NEIHEDEARM-STM32F103VET6XINPIAN,ZHUPINWEI72MHz,PIANNEI512KBFLASH,NEIZHIDUOGEUSARTKONGZHIQI,FENBIEYONGYURFIDDU/XIEMOKUAILIANJIEHESHANGWEIJIDETONGXIN。DU/XIEMOKUAICAIYONGM102GPCV3MOKUAI,GONGZUOPINLVWEI13.56MHz。ZHUKONGBANYOUJTAGKOUJINXINGCHENGXUDEDIAOSHIHEXIAZAI,LM117WEIXITONGBANTIGONG3.3VHE5VDIANYA。I/OKOUJIE12864YEJING,YONGYUXIANSHIXIANGGUANTISHIXINXIJISHIJIANRIQI。USART1YUDUKAQIMOKUAILIANJIEYONGYUDUQUKAPIANXINXI,USART2YUMAX232LIANJIEYONGYUYUSHANGWEIJIDETONGXIN。

  2.2DUKAQIMOKUAIYUZHUKONGZHIQIDIANLUYINGJIANSHEJI

彩客网  M102GPCV3DUXIEMOKUAISHEJITIGONGLE2ZHONGJIEKOUMOSHI:10Mb/sDEI2CZONGXIANMOSHI,ZUIGAODA1228.8Kb/sDEUARTMOSHI。ZHEILICAIYONGLEUARTMOSHI,TONGGUOM102GPCV3DUQU、XIERUKAPIANXINXI。

  3 系统软件设计

  3.1XITONGZONGTIRUANJIANSHEJI

  MENJINXITONGZONGTIRUANJIANSHEJIBAOKUOXIAWEIJIDUKAQIRUANJIANSHEJIHESHANGWEIJISHUJUKUGUANLIXITONGRUANJIANSHEJI。MENJINKONGZHIXITONGXIAWEIJIDUKAQIZHUYAOSHISHIXIANDUIKAPIANDEDUQU、YUSHANGWEIJIGUANLIXITONGDETONGXIN,ZAIKeil4HUANJINGZHONGYONGCYUYANBIANCHENGSHIXIAN。SHANGWEIJIGUANLIXITONGCAIYONGMyecfipseHEFirefoxBIANCHENGFUZHUGONGJUBIANXIE。RUTU3SUOSHI。

彩客网  3.2XIAWEIJIDUKAQIXITONGRUANJIANSHEJI

彩客网  XIAWEIJIMENJINDUKAQIXITONGRUTU4SUOSHI,XIAWEIJIDUKAQIXITONGXUZUNXUNISO14443TYPEABIAOZHUNCHUANSHUXIEYI,JIANZHAOXUNKA→FANGCHONGTU→XUANKA→MIYAORENZHENG→DUKUAIDESHUNXUJINXING。FANGCHONGTUSHIDUCHUXULIEHAOCHUANSHUJISHANGWEIJIGUANLIXITONG,BAOCUNZHISHUJUKUGUANLIXITONG。DUKUAIDUCHUSHUJUYUSHEDINGHAODESHUJUBIDUIBINGPANDUAN。

  3.3SHANGWEIJISHUJUKUGUANLIXITONGRUANJIANSHEJI

彩客网  SHANGWEIJISHUJUKUGUANLIXITONGSHIDUIYOUGUANCHIKARENYUANSHUAKAJINMENSHIJINXINGXINXIJILUYUFABU,YIJITIANJIA、SHANCHU、XIUGAICHIKARENXINXIYIJIQUANXIAN。TONGGUOSHUJUKUBAOCUNXINXI,TONGSHITONGGUOJavaYUYANZUOCHENGXINXIBIAOFABUZAIWANGZHANSHANG。PUTONGYONGHUKEYIDENGLUPUTONGZHANGHUFANGWENJUYUWANGWANGZHAN,CHAXUNYOUGUANMENJINXITONGXINXI。GUANLIYUANKEYITONGGUOGUANLIYUANZHANGHUDENGLUXIUGAIKAPIANXINXIJIQUANXIAN。

  4 结语

彩客网  TONGGUOSHIWUDUOCICESHI,CIFANGANSHEJIDERFIDMENJINXITONGANQUANKEKAO,SHIYONGFANGBIAN。ERQIEXIANGDUIYUQITADEMENJINKONGZHIXITONGQIYOUZHEHENGAODEXINGJIABI。SUIZHEWULIANWANGJISHUZAIQUANQIUDEKUAISUFAZHANYIJIWOGUOJINKAGONGCHENGDETUIGUANG,XIANGXINRFIDJISHUJIANGYUELAIYUEDUODEYINGYONGDAOGEXINGGEYE。JIYURFIDDEMENJINXITONGYEJIANGSUIZHEZHEIGUCHAOLIUERFAZHAN。SHISHIYERUCIZHENGMING,JUTONGJI2008NIANRFIDMENJINXIAOSHOUEZHANDAOZHENGGEANFANGSHICHANGDE87.2%。

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