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基于RFID技术的发动机生产过程应用研究
来源: 《金属加工(冷加工)》    发布时间: 2019-03-28 11:28   601 次浏览   大小:  16px  14px  12px
基于RFID技术的发动机生产过程应用研究

  一、RFID概述

彩客网  RFIDWUXIANSHEPINJISHU(Radio FrequencyIdentification)SHIYIZHONGJINXIENIANCAIXINGQIDESHUJUCAIJIJISHU,TONGSHIYESHIMUQIANZUISHOUZHONGSHIDEZIDONGSHIBIEHESHUJUCAIJIJISHU。TADEJIBENYUANLISHILIYONGGANYINGSHIOUHEHEDIANCIOUHE,SHIXIANDUIBIAOSHIWUTIDEZIDONGSHIBIEHEGENZONG。SHEPINJISHUJUYOUJINGDUGAO、SHIYINGHUANJINGNENGLIQIANG、KANGGANRAOXINGQIANGJIKEZHONGFULIYONGDENGZHUDUOYOUDIAN,MUQIANJIBEIGUANGFANYINGYONGYUSHANGYEBAIHUOXIAOSHOU、WULIUYUNSHUGUANLIHEGONGYEZIDONGHUASHENGCHANXIANDENGZHONGDUOLINGYU。

彩客网  YIQIJIEFANGXICHAIHUISHANJIDIYONGYOUXIANDAIHUADEZHONGXINGCHEYONGCHAIYOUJISHENGCHANXIAN,BAOHAN4TIAOJINSHUQIEXUEJIZHUANGPEI、XIAOCHE、YOUFENGGONG7TIAOSHENGCHANXIAN。QIZHONG6DMJIJIASHENGCHANXIANYINJINZIDEGUOGROBGONGSI。QISHENGCHANXIANGUOCHENGXINXITEBIESHIGONGJIANJIAGONGXINXI、GONGJIANSHISHILIUZHUANZHUANGTAI,SHEBEIXIAOLVDENGSHISHENGCHANGUANLICENGYIZHIGUANZHUDEZHONGDIAN。YOUYUCHEJIANSHENGCHANSHEBEISHANGCUNZAIYINGJIANXIANZHI,JIXUYAOZAIXIANYOUDEYINGJIANJICHUSHANGJINXINGGONGNENGSHENGJI。SHIXIANDUIMEIYIGEGONGJIANJIAGONGXINXIJINXINGDUXIE、CUNCHU,BINGSHANGCHUANDAOSHUJUFUWUQIJINXINGDASHUJUCAIJIFENXI,FENXIJIEGUOZUIZHONGKEYONGYUSHENGCHANGUANLI。

  BENWENZHUYAOZHENDUIYIQIJIEFANGXICHAIZHONGXINGCHAIYOUJIZHINENGZHIZAOSHIFANJIDIJIANSHEXIANGMUZHONG,6DMJIJIAXIANRFIDSHUJUCAIJIHECHUANSHUGONGNENGJINXINGCHANSHU。

  二、RFID硬件选型

  GENJUXIANCHANGJICHUANGYINGJIANPEIZHIYAOQIU,XUANZEBALLUFFRFIDXIANGGUANCHANPIN,QIYINGYONGZAIGONGJIANXINXIDUXIEDEBIS MXILIEGANYINGSHIOUHERFIDCHANPIN,BAOHANRFIDCHULIQI、RFIDDUXIETOU、RFIDSHUJUZAITIHELIANJIEDIANLANJIETOUDENG。

彩客网  GAICHANPINJIEGOUJINCOU,SHIYONGSHOUMINGZHANG,KANGGANRAONENGLIQIANG,SHUJUDUXIEKUAISU,TEBIESHIHEYINGYONGZAIJIXIEJIAGONGSHENGCHANXIANGONGJIANWULIUXINXIDECAIJI。

  (1)YINGJIANJIESHAO:BALLUFF BIS MCHULIQIDEGONGZUOPINLVWEI13.56 MHzGAOPINTONGXUN,CHULIQIZHICHILIANJIELIANGGEDUXIETOU,XUANZEYUZHIPEITAODEDUXIETOUXINGHAOWEIBIS00M6,FUWUJIEKOUKEYONGYULIANJIEPEIZHIRUANJIANJINXINGSHUJUZAITIDEDUXIE。

  WEILEBIANYUKEKAOANZHUANGZAIGANGTIGANGGAISHANG,XUANZEYIKUANLEISILUODINGDESHUJUZAITIBIS00PT,TAKEYIXIANGLUOSIYIYANGBEININGZAIGANGTIGANGGAISHANG,SHIXIANKEKAODEANZHUANG。HEPEITAODEDUXIETOUYIQISHIYONG,GAISHUJUZAITIDUXIESHIBIEJULIZUIDAWEI4cm,MANZUSHENGCHANXIANGONGJIANLIUZHUANGUOCHENGZHONGDEDUXIEYAOQIU(JIANTU1)。

基于RFID技术的发动机生产过程应用研究

  图1 RFID处理器、读写器和数据载体

彩客网  (2)YIGONGJIANSHENGCHANJIAGONGXINXIWEILI,GENJUXUYAOCAIJIDESHENGCHANGUOCHENGXINXI,JIEHESHENGCHANXIANGUANLIYAOQIU,DINGYILESHUJUZAITINEISHUJUQUYUCUNCHUYAOQIU。FUBIAOSUOSHIBAOHANLEJIAGONGGUOCHENGRFIDXUYAOCAIJIDESHUJUXINXI。

  6DMJIJIAXIANSHENGCHANGUOCHENGXINXIXUYAOTONGGUORFIDCAIJIDESHUJUZHUYAOYOULIANGLEI:GONGJIANXINXIHEJIAGONGGUOCHENGXINXI。GONGJIANXINXIZHUYAOYOUGONGJIANLINGJIANHAO、LIUSHUIHAODENG;JIAGONGGUOCHENGXINXIYOUGONGJIANJIAGONGZHILIANG、GONGJIANZHUANGTAIHEJIAGONGGONGXUHAODENGXINXI。

基于RFID技术的发动机生产过程应用研究

  数据载体内信息定义表

  YIGANGTIXIANOP40GONGWEIWEILI,ZAIJICHUANGSHANGLIAOHEXIALIAOCHUJUNYOUYIGEDUXIETOU,DANGANZHUANGLESHUJUZAITIDEGANGTILIUZHUANZHIOP40SHANGLIAOCHUSHI,PLCWANCHENGSHANGLIAOCHUGONGJIANDEXINXIDUXIE。LIRUGONGJIANLINGJIANHAO,GONGJIANLIUSHUIHAOJIQIANYIGONGXUDEJIAGONGXINXIDENG,BINGJIANGXIANGGUANXINXIXIANSHIZAIHMIMIANBANSHANG,TONGSHIJINXINGJIAGONGXINXIXIAOYAN,PANDUANGAIGONGJIANSHIFOUSHISHANGYIGEGONGXUHEGEDEJIAGONGJIAN,LIUCHENGRUTU2SUOSHI。

基于RFID技术的发动机生产过程应用研究

  图2数据载体读写流程

彩客网  DANGJICHUANGWANCHENGGAIGONGJIANDEJIAGONGHOU,GONGJIANLIUZHUANZHIXIALIAOKOU,PLCWANCHENGJIAGONGXINXIDEXIERU,TONGSHIJIANGXINXIXIANSHIZAIHMIMIANBANSHANG,OP40DEJIAGONGXINXITONGSHIYEJILUZAISHUJUZAITINEI。PLCJIANGGAIJIAGONGXINXI,LIANTONGZHIQIANDUQUDEGONGJIANLINGJIANHAO、LIUSHUIHAODENGYITONGCHUANSONGZHISHUJUFUWUQI,XINGCHENGGAIGONGJIANDEJIAGONGSHUJULIANHEGONGJIANZHENGTIAOJIAGONGLIUCHENGXINXIBIAO,SHUJUFUWUQIZUOWEIHESHANGCENGFUWUQIDETONGXUNJIEKOU,ZANSHICUNCHUSHENGCHANXIANJICHUANGJIAGONGDEXIANGGUANXINXI。

彩客网  (3)RFIDZAIGROBJICHUANGNEIDEPEIZHI。WANCHENGYINGJIANJIEXIANHOU,SHOUXIANXUYAOZAIPLCSHANGJINXINGYINGJIANZUTAI(JIANTU3),BINGPEIZHIIODIZHI。ZHIHOUWANCHENGHEPLCBIANCHENGSHUJULUODINGDEDUXIE(JIANTU4)。

基于RFID技术的发动机生产过程应用研究

  ZHONGXINBIANXIEHMIXIANSHIJIEMIAN,YONGYURFIDXINXIXIANSHIJIQUEREN。LIRU,CAOZUOGONGKEYITONGGUOGAIJIEMIANQUERENBUHEGEDEJIAGONGXINXI。

  (4)SHANGXIANGONGJIANIDDEXIERU。ZAISHANGLIAOGONGWEI,SHIYONGPC+PLC+RFIDDEFANGSHI,ZENGJIASHANGLIAOGONGJIANLUODINGXINXILURUSHEBEI。DANGGONGJIANLIUZHUANZHIGAIGONGWEISHI,YOUCAOZUOGONGJIANGSHUJULUODINGNINGDAOGONGJIANSHANG,BINGZAIPCSHANGSHURUWEIYIDELIUSHUIHAO,GONGJIANLIUTONGSHI,PLCJIANGLIUSHUIIDHAOXIEDAOSHUJULUODINGNEI。SHIWURUTU5SUOSHI。

基于RFID技术的发动机生产过程应用研究

  图5上线工件ID信息写入RFID载体

彩客网  GAISHUJULUODINGJIANGGENSUIGONGJIANYIZHILIUZHUAN,ZHIZHIXIAXIANGONGWEI。ZAIGONGJIANJIAGONGLIUCHUANGUOCHENGZHONG,MEIGEGONGXUDEJIAGONGXINXI、LIANTONGIDHAODOUBEICHUANSHUZHISHUJUFUWUQI。

彩客网  (5)SHUJUCAIJIJIFENXI。SHENGCHANXIANSHUJUCAIJIDUANLUOZENGJIAYITAISHUJUFUWUQI,SHIYONGZHUANYERUANJIANJIANLISHANGCENGFUWUQIHEXIANCHANGSHEBEIDEQIAOLIANG。LIRU,YONGKEPServerCAIJIJICHUANGXUYAODESHUJU,RUGONGJIANIDHAO、JIAGONGXINXI、JIAGONGSHULIANGJIJICHUANGBAOJINGXINXIDENG。ZAIYOUZHUANYEDESHUJUCAIJIFENXIRUANJIANGONGSIBIANXIESHUJUCAIJIFENXIRUANJIAN,DUQUKEPServerCAIJIDESHUJU。SHUJUJINGGUOFENXIHOU,JIEHEXIANGGUANAPP,KEZAIDIANNAO、PINGBANDENGKEHUDUANSHANGSHISHILIULAN,XINGCHENGYITAOZHINENGGONGCHANGGUANLIPINGTAI。ZUIZHONGSHIXIANSHENGCHANCHANLIANG、SHEBEIXIAOLVJISHEBEIBAOJINGDENGZONGHEGUANLI。LIYONGGAIPINGTAI,SHIXIANDUISHENGCHAN、WULIUHEDIAODUDEDASHUJUFENXI(JIANTU6)。

基于RFID技术的发动机生产过程应用研究

  图6部分段落机床生产效率

  SHUJUCAIJIXITONGRUANJIANSHIGONGCHANGGUANLIXITONGDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN。BAOHANLEFUWUQIDUAN、KEHUDUANHESHOUCHIDUANSANBUFEN。SHEJIYINGZUNXUNJIANDANYICAOZUO,KEKAOXINGGAO,SHISHIXINGHAO,JIEGOUQINGXIDENGYUANZE。

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